2014年1月1日 星期三

峇里島五大神廟 Top Five Temples in Bali

印尼峇里島人主要信奉峇里島印度教(Balinese Hinduism),他們的宗教意識十分強,每天都會拜神祈福三次。而島上坐立著形形色色的廟宇,數目更超過二萬座,因此峇里島亦擁有「千廟之島」、「眾神之島」的稱呼,而每座神廟都擁有自己的建築特色。

1. 百沙基母廟 / 布撒基寺(English: Mother Temple of Besakih; Indonesia: Pura Besakih)

百沙基母廟 / 布撒基寺 / Mother Temple of Besakih / Pura Besakih

百沙基母廟座落於阿貢火山山坡百沙基村上,它是峇里島上最重要和規模最大的印度教廟宇。1963年,阿貢火山發生火山爆發,並造成約1700人死亡。當時,熔岩並沒有流入廟宇,而是在廟宇外數米流過,峇里島人相信是這個神蹟拯救了在廟宇及內的人。

The Mother Temple of Besakih, or Pura Besakih, in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung is the most important and the largest temple of Hindu religion in Bali. In 1963, a series of eruptions of Mount Agung killed approximatly 1700 people but the lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous and a signal from the gods.

2. 海神廟(English: Tanah Lot; Indonesia: Pura Luhur Tanah Lot)

海神廟 / Tanah Lot / Pura Luhur Tanah Lot
傳說中,海神廟是由十五世紀的一位印度教神職人員所建立,他認為此地是個可祭拜海神的聖地,之後吩咐附近的漁夫在岩石上蓋起這座廟。往後的幾個世紀,海神廟成了峇里神話的一部分。據說在岩石底部,有守護此廟宇的毒海蛇,防止惡靈和入侵者的騷擾,此外,還有一條從此神職人員的圍巾變成的大蛇保護著。

Tanah Lot is claimed to be the work of the 15th-century priest Nirartha. During his travels along the south coast he saw the rock-island's beautiful setting and rested there. Some fishermen saw him, and bought him gifts. Nirartha then spent the night on the little island. Later he spoke to the fishermen and told them to build a shrine on the rock for he felt it to be a holy place to worship the Balinese sea gods. At the base of the rocky island, poisonous sea snakes are believed to guard the temple from evil spirits and intruders. A giant snake purportedly protects the temple, which was created from Nirartha's scarf when he established the island.

官方網站  Official Website: http://www.tanahlot.net/home/

3. 聖泉廟(English: Tirta Empul Temple; Indonesia:  Pura Tirta Empul)


聖泉廟 / Tirta Empul Temple / Pura Tirta Empul
峇里島人認為聖泉廟的泉水具有神奇的療效,在此沐浴可以改善健康和帶來財富,因此吸引了許多人慕名而來。傳說中,印度教神明因陀羅(Indra)和馬亞達那瓦巫師(Mayadenawa)正邪對戰時,因陀羅為了讓被巫師毒死的村名起死回生,以大地之杖令不死之泉湧出,進而使被巫師毒死的臣民起死回生。

The sacred spring that feeds Tirta Empul provides holy water for priests and bathing for ordinary Balinese, who believe that a dip hereabouts can bring good fortune and health. Legend has it that the god Indra created the spring Tampaksiring (namesake of the nearby town) as an antidote to a poisonous spring created by an evil demon king.

4. 水神廟(English: Ulun Danu Bratan Temple; Indonesia:  Pura Ulun Danu Bratan)


水神廟 / Pura Ulun Danu Bratan / Pura Ulun Danu Bratan
水神廟因建在布拉坦湖上而獲得「Pura Ulun Danu Bratan」這名字。水神廟屹立在布拉坦湖上,屬於半印度教、半佛教風格。當地農民相信水神 Dewi Danu 能夠帶來豐收,因此經常供奉和祭奠女神,廟內香火不斷。水神廟的大門左側有佛教浮屠,寺廟北部建有祭祀水神的主廟以及其他廟宇。水神廟周圍的風景非常秀麗,美麗寧靜的湖泊,翠綠的田野及遠處的山,令人陶醉。

The name of Ulun Danu Bratan Temple is taken from the lake where the temple is built at Bratan Lake. The name of Bratan Lake is inseparable with the Bratan Mount as Deity and Goddess as fertility source, prosperity to keep the prosperity in life and society life.

官方網站 Official Website: http://www.ulundanuberatanbali.com/

5. 烏魯瓦圖斷崖廟(English: Pura Luhur Uluwatu; Indonesia: Pura Luhur Uluwatu)

烏魯瓦圖斷崖廟 / Pura Luhur Uluwatu / Pura Luhur Uluwatu
相傳古時有一艘船觸怒了海神,海神一怒之下利用巨浪將船拋向岸邊,從而形成了今天的烏魯瓦圖懸崖。烏魯瓦圖懸崖背後還有一個淒美的愛情故事,傳說有一對相愛的男女因為父母阻撓,絕望之下雙雙跳下懸崖投海殉情,因此這裡又被稱為「情人崖」。烏魯瓦圖懸崖上建有烏魯瓦圖寺,進入該廟必須穿著整齊,並繫上一條黃色腰帶。站在烏魯瓦圖懸崖,聽著海浪拍打懸崖和礁石的聲音,可以感受到大海的磅礴及力量,令人感歎。

Pura Luhur Uluwatu was originally used as a place of worship a holy priest named Empu Kuturan from the the 11th century, who spread the traditional village with all the rules. This temple is also used to worship the holy priest followed, namely Dang Hyang Nirartha.

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